1. 5G is a whole new change beyond fast internet.
5G is the next generation communication technology of 4G, which is commonly called LTE and has the ultra-high speed, hyper connectivity, and ultra-low latency capabilities that are upgraded in all aspects. With fast 5G speeds, network capacity will be virtually unlimited, and latency will be extremely low to the point where almost no latency is felt. Does this only mean improving things that we enjoy right now?
Now that the role and importance of mobile networks have greatly increased, 5G is anticipated to bring about a whole new change to mobile communications, surrounding ecosystems, and related industries. Along with technological advances such as Artificial Intelligence and XR, many things that were previously impossible or restricted are being newly attempted with 5G technology.
2. The most powerful use of 5G is with robots.
Although Korea has been introducing 5G technology at a fast speed, there are not yet enough cases of using 5G technology effectively. So, currently, the main 5G use cases are only demonstrating large-size video transmissions using a one-directional signal pattern. On the other hand, in order for a robot to move, the role of 5G is essential because it has a “bi-directional signal pattern” that requires constant data exchange between sensors and a high-performance computer.
Furthermore, if the communication latency becomes extremely low, we can set up a theory that a high-performance robot control will be enabled even if we separate the robot's computer from the main body. To verify this, NAVER LABS created a robot demo operated by 5G technology for the first time in the world jointly with Qualcomm and successfully demonstrated it at CES. We tried to effectively use and apply the capabilities of 5G.
3. 5G can create a “Brainless” robot that never existed before.
The robot demonstration performed at CES with Qualcomm was a 5G brainless robot that succeeded in pulling out the high-performance computer, which acts as the brain of the robot, from the main body.
With the use of 5G's low latency, we can separate the robot from the area that acts as the “cerebrum of a human” requiring the greatest processing power. In the 5G era, the MEC server of the communication base stations will act as the cerebrum for controlling the posture and motion of the robot, and the cloud will act as the robot's brain. In other words, we will be able to implement a “brainless” robot in which the 5G connected-cloud acts as a brain.
4. 5G Brainless Robot technology eliminates robots’ physical limitations.
Now it has become possible to separate the brain from the robot using 5G technology. So what will be possible in a robot? Until now, a small robot could have a small computer only. It was literally a physical limitation. However, if the cloud can act as the brain of the robot, we can create a highly intelligent robot regardless of the size of the robot. This means a palm-sized robot with the intelligence of a high-performance computer can appear.
If 5G brainless robot technology is implemented, we can control multiple service robots simultaneously based on the cloud. Robot algorithms with high difficulty can be provided through the cloud and update is easy, and we can also rationalize the production costs since there is no need to add high-performance processors to each robot. In addition, high-performance processing power can be placed outside, significantly reducing the battery consumption of the robot itself.
5. 5G Brainless Robot technology is a catalyst for the popularization of robot services.
One important thing for the popularization of robot services is to maintain the required performance while lowering manufacturing costs. This way, we can lower access hurdles for the commercialization of robot services in various industries and spaces, and accumulate service know-how through various attempts in actual spaces, which will accelerate the popularization. 5G and cloud technology, which can overcome physical limitations and simultaneously control multiple robots with lower power, will be an important solution for the popularization of these service robots.
Through CES 2019, NAVER LABS has successfully demonstrated the world's first 5G Brainless Robot with Qualcomm. In MWC19, subsequently, KT, Intel, and NAVER Business Platform have started joint development of a 5G-based service robot. It is a structure to develop service robots with NAVER Business Platform under an ultra-low latency environment using Intel and KT’s 5G solution. Here, the NAVER cloud platform will act as the brain of the robots.
Through 5G, the popularization of service robots is approaching much faster than we had imagined. NAVER LABS, starting with 5G brainless robot technology, will continuously produce products that can accelerate the popularization of service robots.